There came the news that “How a man setting fire to himself sparked an uprising in Tunisia” which led to the ouster of long time Dictator President Ben Ali who was on the thrown for last 23 years. He fled the country. All of a sudden, Tunisian found free from the oppressive regime of the tyrant. This news spread like wild fire in the neighbouring states. In Egypt it gave a rise to momentous uprising set against the oppressive Hosni Mubarak regime.
This awakening and whirl wind after reaching Egypt turned into tornado and Hosni Mubarak’s iron rule started crumbling but it was seen that it would not go down gently like in Tunisia. The revolutionaries of Tahrir Square were working hard to dislodge him—and then to dismantle the system of coercion, cronyism and corruption that sustained the dictator’s three-decade rule. He still believed himself president of Egypt, although Egyptian did not. Mubarak has kept the country in a technical state of emergency since taking power in 1981. Nobody associated with his regime would have the slightest idea of how to govern without the latitude and impunity that this law provided.
The popular uprising against Mubarak can be said as an occasion to bring out the breathless superlatives—earthshaking, world-changing, epochal, momentous and transformative against the present day Pharaoh. Implications for other Arab autocracies, and thus for the whole world, are far-reaching and profound; crisis meetings doubtless were seen held in Riyadh, Amman, Damascus and other capitals. The state of Israel, the bully on the block was seen facing a time of high-stakes uncertainty and deep anxiety.
The flowering of the home-grown democracy in Egypt, the most populous and culturally important Arab nation, would be a world-historical development of the greatest magnitude. The people of Egypt had chosen the path of democracy, despite the many obstacles ahead and were asking the world to walk beside them.
Egypt under President Jamal Abdul Nasser was once the Known pioneer of Arab nationalism in the Arab land. My thoughts started trailing back as what went wrong to that phenomenon of Arab nationalism that once started as a means to the renaissance of the lost glory of Islam in this region which was felt a necessity after the humiliating fall of Ottoman Empire? Why the stalwart Arab leader Jamal Abdul Nasser of Egypt who initially picked the thread of Arab nationalism from the Iraqi nationalist movement —which inculcating that there is ‘honour in the profession death (suicidal operation)’; that it may revive the lost glory of Islam. Rather than taking up the mammoth task of rehabilitation of Muslim Ummah and reclaiming the lost glory it was seen that the entire stretch of Muslim nations from Persian Gulf to far end of Morocco ended up in the worst form of dictatorship present on the globe. Ever since Arab world is ruled by the dictators, the kings and the Monarch, where peoples have no say and are living as down trodden as slaves. Life is but a misery. The small states like in the Persian Gulf are turned in to princely emirates. All are amassing wealth from the revenue generated by the oil produced by western nations on their soil or from the tax levied on the transportation through the passages in the area in case of Egypt.
How did it come to this? It was not very long that Word War II had seen its end in 1945. Pangs and inflictions of WW II were spread all around fresh and wounds were still bleeding. All the colonial powers in control of their subjugated lands especially in Muslim world had just completed their final phase of retreat. They were forced to leave their fiefdoms but with heavy hearts. The natives of the colonial subjugated lands were gleeful that all of a sudden they were let free; India and Pakistan were among them. A Britain’s largest colonial garrison in the world at Suez where some 80000 men were stationed was also got abandoned by Egyptians. The retreating U.S. Armed forces have not yet fully touched back US shores that in 1956 President Jamal Abdul Nasser of Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal sea route connecting east with the west. It was great setback for Britain and France for their trade for which Suez served as an umbilical cord. In order to secure the strategic route of Suez Canal, Britain along with France turned back and decided to unleashed a fully fledged war against Egypt called 1956 Suez war. Egypt had denied Israel to her access to Red sea or Suez canal. Britain and France who were not in position to indulge in full fledge war, asked Israel to launch an offensive and occupy both the banks of Suez canal and they will come in as arbitrators to be able to secure some 16 mile area on both sides of canal to reclaim the free passage. Israel launched the attack and after giving a great loss to the Egyptian army secured both the sides of canal. Britain forces brought a great destruction to Port Said and Ismailia of Egypt at Suez Canal Mediterranean sea mouth. This drew a worldwide resentment. President Eisenhower of U.S. came in to rescue Jamal Abdul Nasser and forwarded a bill in UN and asked the Israel as well as Britain to withdraw their a forces to old armistice?? Lines. Gamal Abdul Nasser was compelled to give the assurance of opening of canal. Britain as well as France were convinced by U.S. to stay away from Egypt as President Jamal Abdul Nasser had given enough of assurance of an accessibility to the Suez Canal operation. Both the allies agreed to it and Israel got its access to ed sea and also withdrew Sinai Peninsula. Those were the days and today; ever since; Suez Canal is—- that it remains open like a free high way for all the western traffic and Egypt is also earning reason able revenue.
Egypt decision to budge and sit in the lap of United States America has proved to be such a hard n fast rule and binding for the Egypt that Egypt never felt necessity even to change the U.S. installed Presidential governments except that their Presidents are killed or they die a natural death. This example set was considered as rule for the entire Arab states that they are invariably governed by the USA. Hosni Mubarak is Egyptian third president in that series.
The aim of telling you above story is that what all was said by the then President of United States; David Dwight Eisenhower on this occasion is most interesting which set the pace of Middle Eastern history to follow. When asked that while western powers were to vacate now from the lands of Middle East; what should be done of Middle East? His answer is reported as said; “It is Simple; kings and princes be installed here to act as the Bobby on the beat to police the streets of Arab lands with their Police Headquarter—- in Washington”.
That was the day and we are here today; there is no change in status quo. Needless to say that entire Middle East is practically under occupation by the west except this that all the facades around Kahba and Masjid e Nabvi as well as the Palaces of other Middle Eastern kings, princes and emirates are swashed and ornamented in gold. Does our God only wanted an eye dazzling tombs and minarets to build in the name of Islam? Is that the end of the story? Or merely the performing of our religious rituals like Hajj and Omeras are the only Islamic connections that Muslims are allowed to identify with in the Muslim sacred land.
Five years ago, the Iranian president Mohammed Khatami called for a “dialogue of civilisations” before a meeting of the UN. The speech was a tribute to liberty, articulating what progressive Islamists have been advocating for years as the key to peace: emancipation from despotism. The major obstacle to peace, goes the theory, is not terrorism or religious obscurantism but the enslavement of hundreds of millions of Muslims, who continue to be denied the fundamental right of being free to choose their own leaders and systems of government.
The warmongers have made sure the message has remained outside mainstream debate so they can forge ahead free of any hindrances. Using their agents and sympathisers in the mass media to blanket all Islamist politics as fundamentalist, and by excluding it from any kind of dialogue at international conversation stage and rendered as voiceless by labelling it pitched against the humanity.
Because most Muslim politics is Islamist and the political and media blackout in most of the Islamic states has meant the grievances of subject Muslim populations have failed to reach their free counterparts in the west. How many on the streets London or France would know that France actively supported the Algerian government’s annulment of elections that Islamists were poised to win in 1992, plunging the country into a savage civil war? Or that in Egypt, whose single-party regime qualifies in Washington as the second most-favoured tyranny after Israel, religious parties are banned, as they are in Turkey, and political dissidents tortured? Or that since the “accession” of the Palestinian National Authority, Palestinian newspapers critical of Arafat were banned and their editors spirited away to jail in the middle of the night to be flogged back into line? Or that in Jordan political activity in mosques is outlawed?
The modern Arab territorial states, which are the product of the collapse of the Ottoman Empire at the turn of the twentieth century, has by design been antidemocratic. The world order that brought about the creation of all these artificial territorial states, and that today exerts all it can to preserve the status quo has no interest in the success of democracy anywhere in the region. The governments of the west decree that liberty is not a fundamental right for Muslims; it is a privilege to be extended in proportion to the degree to which they conform to their prescriptions, especially that of secularisation. The war on terror is part of a campaign to wrench Muslim societies from their religious roots, a phenomenon that has best been explained by Rachid Ghannouchi, a Tunisian Islamist ideologue who remained on exile in Britain.
Revolutions are known for devouring their children, but the people making the current revolution in the Middle East may prove indigestible. In greater danger are the Israelis. As for the United States, it faces a choice between jettisoning its traditional policy of supporting Arab dictators, or repositioning itself—which is a paralyzing situation to be in; says William Pfaff in his article ‘How the U.S. Should Respond to the New Arab World’
U.S. could choose radical change: cease its Middle East political interventions; buy its energy on the open market, where it is readily available; and encourage Israel to adopt an equally radical new security policy of making peace with the Arabs.
For six decades Israel has felt compelled to survive by military intimidation and American patronage. Now it has a chance to live peacefully. There is, in my opinion, only one prudent American policy: not to interfere, or attempt to control, what now is happening in the Arab states. Inconspicuously withdraw American military forces to the maximum extent possible, and order those remaining to abstain from any political action. Put the Hamas, Hezbollah, terrorism and Iranian nuclear issues in cold storage; allow no government official, other than the White House spokesman, to comment on any of the four.
Avoid engagement. Let the people in the region do what they want. The U.S. cannot then be blamed for what happens. Deal courteously and, if possible, helpfully, with whatever new governments emerge, but allow them to determine what relationship they want with the U.S. Remember that oil and gas are commodities sold on a free market.
There is a success story of revolution of Egypt in front of us that how the tyrant like Hosni Mubarak and his predecessor who have since surrendered their honour and dignity of their won peoples to the west and have built high barricaded Luxurious castles and raised forces to guard them and chalk out the oppressive rules that that their own peoples could not lay hand on them.
Friends; in present day and time Muslims or non Muslims; this planet belong to the peoples who posses knowledge; have the innovative minds to produce the technologies and lay hand on the world natural economic resources; this world belongs to them and God has not told the Muslim to stay aloof as nincompoop.
For instance; day in and day out the US forces right across the western borders of Pakistan carryout drone attacks and are daily killing score of people but rather than coming up with a technology to counter it like producing some shoulder fired stinger missile to bring the drones down or eliminating drone right at the their aerodromes— in retaliation, we send the suicide bomber to Qissa khawani bazaar Peshawar to kill own peoples; what sort of nuts we are?
In Pakistan: one thing which can be foreseen in the adopted stance of current politico-religious parties (Blasphemy law fame party) banking on the their Blasphemy law tactics of spreading fear and terror through violence, threats, suicide bombing and killing of innocents in the markets so that they could keep the masses subdued and to form part of their political clout. This will be the first time that their concocted Scheme of the anarchist will be seeing a setback.
Egyptian are very resilient people; they know how to stay steadfast even in the face of tyranny but when they decided to undo the shackle of the oppressive regime; they did not take long to throw the dictator who was totally not ready to step down. But if you like it; it was not the extremism that we Pakistanis are used to bear with it but it was Mahatma Gandhian non violence resistance movement of Egyptian that brought them a sure Victory
The Egyptian people have restored their dignity. They must now maintain it with strong civil society. Power to the people!
The world only gets better because people risk something to make it better.
Egypt Revolution in Cartoon from around the world.